Wednesday, February 27, 2013

US cities in front line as sea levels rise

Deborah Zabarenko in Reuters: The signs of rising water are everywhere in this seaport city: yellow "Streets May Flood" notices are common at highway underpasses, in low-lying neighborhoods and along the sprawling waterfront. Built at sea level on reclaimed wetland, Norfolk has faced floods throughout its 400-year history. But as the Atlantic Ocean warms and expands, and parts of the city subside, higher tides and fiercer storms seem to hit harder than they used to.

Dealing with this increased threat has put Norfolk at the forefront of American cities taking the lead on coping with intense weather, from floods to droughts to killer heat, without waiting for the federal government to take the lead.

In Norfolk, home to the largest U.S. Naval base and the second biggest commercial port on the U.S. Atlantic coast, floods are a perennial problem that has worsened in recent decades, Assistant City Manager Ron Williams Jr told Reuters.

The relative sea level around Norfolk has risen 14.5 inches (.37 meter) since 1930, when the low-lying downtown area routinely flooded. The floods are worse now, because the water doesn't have to rise as high to send the river above its banks and into the streets, Williams said. At the same time, severe storms are more frequent. "We've had more major storms in the past decade than we've had in the previous four decades," he said. Extreme rainfall events have increased too.

Williams does not call what's happening in Norfolk a symptom of climate change. "The debate about causality we're not going to get into," he said. Still, many scientists see the frequent flooding as consistent with projected consequences of rising global temperatures, spurred by increased emissions of greenhouse gases.

No matter what city leaders call it, some of their actions speak louder than words. Williams said Norfolk, a city of 243,000, needs a total investment of $1 billion in the coming decades, including $600 million to replace current infrastructure, to keep the water in its place and help make homes and businesses more resilient....

The USS Harry S. Truman heads up the Elizabeth River as it passes the downtown Norfolk waterfront, US Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Tyler Folnsbee/Released

2 comments:

Anonymous said...

[url=http://www.gucciproduct.org]財布 gucci[/url]
[url=http://www.gucciproduct.org]gucci 長財布[/url]
[url=http://www.gucciproduct.org]gucci 新作 財布[/url]
[url=http://www.gucciproduct.org]gucci メンズ 財布[/url]
[url=http://www.gucciproduct.org]gucci 財布 メンズ[/url]




世界中で大人気のUGGムートンブーツを徹底ガイド!!!!!!!!!!





[url=http://www.gucciproduct.org/洒落な-グッチ-ダブルgロゴ-長財布-ブラック-224129-贈呈-p-4337.html]http://www.gucciproduct.org/洒落な-グッチ-ダブルgロゴ-長財布-ブラック-224129-贈呈-p-4337.html[/url]
[url=http://www.gucciproduct.org/大人気-グッチ-グッチシマ-ニューブリット-長財布-ダークブラウン-216589-オンラインサールス-p-4204.html]http://www.gucciproduct.org/大人気-グッチ-グッチシマ-ニューブリット-長財布-ダークブラウン-216589-オンラインサールス-p-4204.html[/url]
[url=http://www.gucciproduct.org/超激安-グッチ-ggナイロン-ポーチ-レッド-224090-必要な物は充分入り-p-4812.html]http://www.gucciproduct.org/超激安-グッチ-ggナイロン-ポーチ-レッド-224090-必要な物は充分入り-p-4812.html[/url]
[url=http://www.gucciproduct.org/高い素材-【2010年秋冬モデル】グッチ-グッチシマ-コインケース-ブラック-235558-激安市場-p-4679.html]http://www.gucciproduct.org/高い素材-【2010年秋冬モデル】グッチ-グッチシマ-コインケース-ブラック-235558-激安市場-p-4679.html[/url]
[url=http://www.gucciproduct.org/おすすめ-グッチ-gg柄-長財布-ブラック-212089-新作入荷-p-4409.html]http://www.gucciproduct.org/おすすめ-グッチ-gg柄-長財布-ブラック-212089-新作入荷-p-4409.html[/url]

Anonymous said...

[url=http://www.japanguccioutlet.org]gucci 財布 メンズ[/url]
[url=http://www.japanguccioutlet.org]gucciの財布[/url]
[url=http://www.japanguccioutlet.org]gucci 長財布[/url]
[url=http://www.japanguccioutlet.org]gucci 新作 財布[/url]
[url=http://www.japanguccioutlet.org]gucci 財布 新作[/url]




グッチは、イタリアの方法および皮革製品商標(グッチグループの一部)です。それはフランスの会社PPRによって所有されます。グッチは1921年にフィレンツェでGuccioグッチによって設立されました。 オフィシャル オンラインショップ では、オンライン限定商品をはじめ、ハンドバッグやラゲージ、レザー小 物、スカーフ、ベルト、ウォッチなど幅広い製品のラグジュアリーなオンライン ショッピングをお楽しみいただけます。





[url=http://www.japanguccioutlet.org/グッチ-ショルダーバッグ-c-125.html]http://www.japanguccioutlet.org/グッチ-ショルダーバッグ-c-125.html[/url]
[url=http://www.japanguccioutlet.org/☆大人気グッチ-長財布を激安販売中【送料無料】グッチ-gucci-グッチ-gucciシマ-長財布-アイボリー-112-p-1757.html]http://www.japanguccioutlet.org/☆大人気グッチ-長財布を激安販売中【送料無料】グッチ-gucci-グッチ-gucciシマ-長財布-アイボリー-112-p-1757.html[/url]
[url=http://www.japanguccioutlet.org/グッチ-アウトレットがsale大幅値下げグッチ-gucci-gg柄-キーケース-ベージュ&ダークブラウン-2120-p-1130.html]http://www.japanguccioutlet.org/グッチ-アウトレットがsale大幅値下げグッチ-gucci-gg柄-キーケース-ベージュ&ダークブラウン-2120-p-1130.html[/url]
[url=http://www.japanguccioutlet.org/★グッチgucci★超人気アイテムが続々入荷中グッチ-gucci-グッチ-gucciシマ-ggトゥインズ-トート-p-1387.html]http://www.japanguccioutlet.org/★グッチgucci★超人気アイテムが続々入荷中グッチ-gucci-グッチ-gucciシマ-ggトゥインズ-トート-p-1387.html[/url]
[url=http://www.japanguccioutlet.org/☆大人気グッチ-長財布を激安販売中【送料無料】グッチ-gucci-gg柄-長財布-ベージュ&ダークブラウン-1183-p-1723.html]http://www.japanguccioutlet.org/☆大人気グッチ-長財布を激安販売中【送料無料】グッチ-gucci-gg柄-長財布-ベージュ&ダークブラウン-1183-p-1723.html[/url]