Issued in advance of the G20 meeting of world leaders in London on April 2, the UN brief says that mobilizing and refocusing the global economy towards investments in clean technologies and natural infrastructure such as forests and soils is the best bet for real growth, combating climate change and triggering an employment boom. The five recommdned areas of investment are:
- Raising the energy efficiency of old and new buildings
- Renewable energies - wind, solar, geothermal and biomass
- Sustainable transport - hybrid vehicles; high speed rail and bus rapid transit systems
- The planet's ecological infrastructure - freshwaters, forests, soils and coral reefs
- Sustainable agriculture, including organic production
The report details the multiple economic, environmental and social benefits of investing a significant amount of the $3 trillion worth of stimulus packages being provided by most G-20 industrialized and emerging market economies - including the United States, China, Germany, India, Russia, and Saudi Arabia - in these five areas.
Achim Steiner, who heads the UN Environment Programme said, "The G20 meeting needs to be a milestone in terms of focusing investments that address the crises of today and those emerging from climate change, natural resource scarcity and lack of decent employment for close to two billion unemployed or underemployed people over the coming decade."