Thursday, June 26, 2008

"Real Climate" clarifies recent stories about climate models

Let me stand aside while I'm schooled by the experts. Real Climate does their usual valuable work in clarifying a study that was the subject of confusing commentary in the press (including this blog, I'm afraid), with headlines like "Study highlights need to adjust climate models": ....Why is this confusing? Because the term 'climate models' is interpreted very differently in the public sphere than it is in the field. For most of the public, it is 'climate models' that are used to project global warming into the future, or to estimate the planet's sensitivity to CO2.

Thus a statement like the one above, and the headline that came from it are interpreted to mean that the estimates of sensitivity or of future warming are now in question. Yet this is completely misleading since neither climate sensitivity nor CO2 driven future warming will be at all affected by any revisions in ozone chemistry - mainly for the reason that most climate models don't consider ozone chemistry at all. Precisely zero of the IPCC AR4 model simulations (discussed here for instance) used an interactive ozone module in doing the projections into the future.

What the paper is discussing, and what was glossed over in the release, is that it is the next generation of models, often called "Earth System Models" (ESMs), that are starting to include atmospheric chemistry, aerosols, ozone and the like….

....Thus while in theory, a revision in ozone chemistry, or soil respiration or aerosol properties might impact the full ESM, it won't affect the more basic stuff (like the sensitivity to CO2). But it seems that the "climate models will have to be adjusted" meme is just too good not to use - regardless of the context.

Library of Congress portrait of a befuddled blogger, found on Wikimedia Commons

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