Saturday, October 13, 2012

Climate change likely to heat up Western Colorado

Hannah Holm in the Grand Junction Free Press (Colorado): Western Colorado could get 6 degrees warmer by 2080, which would make Grand Junction feel like somewhere in Arizona — although probably not as far south as Phoenix. The higher temperatures would also increase the severity of droughts.

That was part of the message given by Dr. Jeff Lukas of the Western Water Assessment team at the University of Colorado in the lecture he gave for Colorado Mesa University's Natural Resources of the West Seminar Series on Monday evening titled, “Drought and Climate Change in Colorado: What Can We Expect?”

While Lukas said precipitation is much more difficult to predict than temperature, he noted that warmer temperatures will certainly intensify the drought conditions brought on by any dry years. That's because warmer temperatures increase evaporation rates. It doesn't help that in general, dry years tend to be hotter than wet years. The average results of climate modeling for precipitation indicate that conditions are likely to get wetter to the north and drier to the south, with Colorado right on the dividing line between the two.

Lukas was careful to emphasize that climate change models are not crystal balls, especially at the local level. Different models give very different outputs, so analysts look at each of them individually as well as the average results. The variations result from different assumptions about, among other things, the feedback responses of different elements in the climate system (oceans, ice caps, etc.) to increasing greenhouse gasses and higher temperatures. Adding to the uncertainties about how climate change will play out in any given location are regular, cyclical climate variations, like the “El Niño” and “La Niña” shifts in South Pacific Ocean temperatures that influence the tracks of our winter storms.

Despite these uncertainties, Lukas noted that warming on a global scale is happening already, and observations indicate some clear trends for Colorado. These include increased warming in spring and summer, a higher portion of precipitation falling as rain rather than snow, and earlier melting of the snowpack we do get. Further climate change is likely to intensify these trends. Even if overall precipitation levels didn't change at all, these trends would pose significant challenges for water managers trying to meet existing demands, as well as increasing demands from anticipated population growth in the state....

An old postcard of Colorado

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