Tuesday, January 18, 2011

Climate change as a priority for Central America

Jose Armando Fernandez Salaz in Political Affairs: International research on the adaptation to climate change for Central America and the Caribbean pointed out in 2008 the main consequences for agriculture, human health and even the style of living in the eastern province of Las Tunas, Cuba.

According to the research, which had the participation of experts from the Dominican Republic and Cuba, proposed 146 actions, which will be implemented depending on the required conditions. In Las Tunas the proposed actions are responses to environmental deterioration, making this province the most deforested region on the island (only 14 percent of the total surface covered with forests) and with the lowest rate of rain (1,038 millimeters a year).

The recent rainy season saw the highest amounts of rainfall relative to previous years. However, 2009 is among the driest seasons since 1901. Figures from the Provincial Meteorological Center show that since 1971 there is a tendency toward a dry phase.

The increase in the minimum average yearly temperature of 1.2 degrees and the period of over 30 days between dry and rainy seasons also confirms the incidence of climate change in eastern Las Tunas province.

Although these developments may be regarded as a work of nature, they are also a response to the uncontrolled exploitation of resources. The main ecological battle is the consciousness of the people. That is why it is so important to promote early consciousness on the need for sustainable development and the adaptation of new environmental circumstances….

Locator map of Las Tunas province in Cuba, created by NordNordWest, Wikimedia Commons, under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license

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