The adaptations prompted by climate change are meant to minimize risks from extreme weather events, powerful storm surges, sea level rise, droughts, rising temperatures and other effects of a changing climate.
Urban populations, according to the United Nations, is projected to increase from 3.9 billion in 2014 to 6.3 billion in 2050. Asia, the most climate-vulnerable region despite its lower level of urbanization, is home to 53 percent of the world's urban population, followed by Europe with 14 percent and Latin America and the Caribbean with 13 percent.
Smart planning of cities and coastal areas, such as building or planning defenses, securing water supplies or moving people to higher ground, is essential to prepare for the climatic forces, said Steven Wade, head of the Scientific Consultancy at the Met Office, a United Kingdom-based national weather service.
Wade, who presented climate model outputs for climate adaptation in cities at the World Engineers Summit (WES) organized by the Institution of Engineers Singapore, said that adaptation of cities is a significant challenge for planners and engineers, particularly in cities with ageing infrastructure, rapid growth and vulnerable coastal locations....