Monday, April 22, 2013

Climate change reshaping agriculture in Eastern Europe

William Brittlebank in Climate Action: Ensuring food security in a changing climate is a critical and pressing development challenge in today's world. Projections estimate that food production around the globe needs to increase by 70-100 per cent by 2050 in order to meet the demands of a world with nine billion people.

As part of the effort to address the challenges of food security and climate change, a new approach to agriculture is being developed. This approach, known as "climate smart agriculture", emphasizes the need for agricultural practices which can simultaneously increase productivity in today's climate, build resilience to climate change, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions - contributing to a "triple win" in the agriculture sector and providing sustainable solutions to the challenges posed by a shifting global climate.

Food security remains a key development challenge across the globe, with some projections estimating the need for an increase in agricultural production of 70-100 percent by 2050.

Shifts in temperature and precipitation are forcing farmers in Europe and Central Asian countries to adapt to impacts of climate change in their agriculture sectors.

A new book provides analysis and recommendations for agricultural adaptation measures in response to the risks of climate change impacts in the region, particularly for Albania, FYR Macedonia, Moldova, and Uzbekistan.

Climate change is already underway in the Europe and Central Asia region and it is accelerating, reinforcing the need for immediate, medium-, and long term solutions which can help everyone involved in agriculture to reduce its adverse impacts. Changes in precipitation patterns, rising temperatures, and increases in the frequency and severity of natural disasters are forcing people to address these impacts in new and innovatice ways and begin adapting to a changing climate. While these changes in climate and their resulting effects on agriculture will have an impact on the global population at large, it is the rural populations who are most vulnerable...

A farmer's market in Skopje, shot by ImogenX, Wikimedia Commons via Flickr, under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license


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