The extent of arctic sea ice this year was also the lowest at 4.2 million sq km, he said. 'For the first time in history, the Canadian north-west passage was open this year. That is not unusual. That is exceptional.' Jarraud referred to Cyclone Sidr that killed over 3,000 people in
There were many more extreme weather events in 2007 he listed: drought in Australia, the US and China; extreme heat wave in south-east Europe, with a 45 degree Celsius temperature in Bulgaria setting a record; heat waves in southern US; very cold winters in Argentina and Chile; floods in Africa, South and middle America, Indonesia, China, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal; the wettest year in Britain since 1776.
Jarraud said global atmospheric temperature had increased by 0.75 degrees Celsius between 1900 and 2007, 'the fastest rise in at least 1,000 years. Remember that the temperature difference between the Ice Age and today is only six degrees Celsius.'
WMO scientists had found the current concentration of carbon dioxide - the main greenhouse gas that leads to global warming - in the atmosphere was the highest in 650,000 years, Jarraud said. 'They found the proof by drilling through ice cores in the Antarctic.' Asked what would be his message to the delegates gathered here for the
Another British climate scientist, Phil Jones, director of the climatic research unit at the